This standard applies to kava (yaqona) as defined in Section 2. the standard applies to kava products used as a food or food ingredient and/or other products intended for human usage.

Kava Definition

The word “kava” refers to the plant species Piper methysticum and/or to the traditional beverage obtained by cold water extraction of the plant’s drinkable parts.

The word “kava” also refers to the Piper methysticum varieties known to have a history of safe traditional usage.

The Fijian varieties are:

  • – Loa kasa leka;
  • – Loa kasa balavu;
  • – Vula kasa leka;
  • – Vula kasa balavu;
  • – Dokobana vula;
  • – Dokobana loa;
  • – Qilaleka;
  • – Qila balavu;
  • – Matakaro leka;
  • – Matakaro balavu;
  • – Yonolulu ;
  • – Damu; &
  • – Yalu.


The kava plant parts proven to have a history of safe traditional usage are:

  • –  roots (unpeeled),
  • –  stumps or rhizomes (always peeled).
  • –  basal stems (always peeled)


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